Learn simple techniques with these 3 steps for shooting recipes like a pro with minimal equipment. Create a home studio with natural light and basic tools to make mouthwatering images on a budget.
As an aspiring food blogger, you want to share delicious recipes and photos with your readers. However, you may feel limited by a lack of professional photography equipment and experience. The good news is that with some basic tools and a little practice, you can take appetizing food photos in your own home. In this article, you’ll discover tips for setting up a DIY food photography studio, shooting recipes with minimal equipment like a digital camera, tripod, and white board. You’ll learn how to style foods, use natural light from a window, and edit photos to make them social media-ready. With these simple techniques, you’ll be creating stunning food photos for your blog in no time.
1. Shooting Recipes Like a Pro: Setting Up a DIY Food Photo Studio
To set up a DIY food photo studio, you will need minimal equipment and the right techniques.
Take advantage of natural light from windows in your home. Place your food setup near a large window for diffused light. Look for a large window that allows plenty of natural light to stream in, preferably one facing east or west. A north-facing window can work in a pinch, but the light may be cooler. For the best results, avoid windows facing south, as the direct sunlight can be too harsh. Avoid direct sunlight, which can be too harsh. Using natural light provides an authentic feel without the need for expensive lighting equipment.
If sunlight is not available, use two desk lamps or floor lamps with daylight-balanced bulbs positioned on either side of your photo stage. Diffuse the light by taping parchment or wax paper over the lamp shades.
Any digital camera can work for food photography, even the one on your smartphone. For beginners, a basic DSLR or mirrorless camera with interchangeable lenses provides more control (When I was starting out, I used the Nikon D3300 with an 18-55 lens). A 50mm lens is a good all-purpose choice for food shots. Put your camera on a tripod to keep it steady, especially in low light.
Place a white panel, like a foam board, opposite the window to help reflect more light onto your subject. The panel helps to bounce light onto your subject, fill in unwanted shadows, and bring out the colors and details of your food. Here’s how to do it step-by-step:
- Find the Light Source: Position your food setup near a natural light source, usually a window. Natural light tends to be softer and more flattering for food.
- Set Up Your Shot: Arrange your food on the table or surface where you’ll be shooting. Consider the composition and background. Take a few test shots to see how the light falls on the food.
- Position the White Panel: Place the white panel on the side of the food opposite the light source. The goal is for the panel to reflect light back onto the darker side of the food, softening shadows.
- Adjust the Distance: The closer the panel is to your food, the more light it will reflect. If the shadows are too harsh, move the panel closer. If the lighting looks too flat, move it further away. This will require some trial and error, so take your time.
- Angle the Panel: Tilt and angle the white panel until you see the shadows on the food softening. The angle can drastically affect how much light is bounced back, so experiment with different positions.
- Check Your Camera Settings: If you’re shooting in manual mode, you may need to adjust your settings after positioning the panel, as it can change the overall exposure.
- Take Test Shots: After placing your white panel, take a few test shots to see the effect. Check the images for any unwanted reflections or overly bright spots, and adjust the panel as needed.
The white panel is there to subtly enhance the natural lighting, not overpower it. It should fill in shadows and reveal texture and detail without making the scene appear artificially lit. With practice, you’ll get a sense of how to position the panel quickly and effectively to improve your food photography.
A tripod is essential for stabilizing your camera and allowing you to compose your shot. Look for an inexpensive tripod that can securely hold your camera. A horizontal tripod is perfect for food photography. Extend the legs to raise your camera to the level of the window sill. If a tripod is not in your budget, try propping your camera on books, boxes or other sturdy objects.
A simple white board or foam board can make an inexpensive backdrop for your photos. Prop it up against a wall behind your food setup. The neutral background helps the colors and details of the food stand out. For extra contrast, place a sheet of black foam core behind and underneath the white board. The black acts as a shadow catcher, creating dimension. For a rustic look, you can also use weathered wood, stone or fabric.
Include props like linens, cutlery, glassware, and plants to style and accentuate your food subject. Keep props minimal and avoid cluttering the frame.
2. Shooting Recipes Like a Pro: Shoot in Manual Mode
Shooting in manual mode in food photography allows you full creative control over your images, making it possible to capture the delicious allure of your recipes at home. Here’s a simple guide to get you started.
First, let’s talk about the three pillars of manual photography: ISO, aperture, and shutter speed.
ISO controls the camera’s sensitivity to light. Lower ISOs (like 100 or 200) are great for brightly lit environments, while higher ISOs are used in lower light settings. However, a higher ISO can introduce graininess, or “noise,” into your photos, so aim for the lowest ISO that will still give you a well-exposed image.
Aperture, measured in f-stops, determines how much light enters through the lens and the depth of field in your images. Low f-stops (like f/2.8) give more exposure and a shallow depth of field, which can beautifully blur the background and make your dish stand out. Higher f-stops (like f/8 or f/16) allow less light in but give a wider depth of field, which is great for capturing the entire scene in focus.
Shutter speed is the amount of time the camera’s shutter is open to expose light onto the camera sensor. Faster speeds (like 1/500th of a second) are excellent for freezing motion, while slower speeds (like 1/15th of a second) allow more light in and can capture the movement, such as pouring sauce. But beware of going too slow without a tripod, as this can lead to camera shake and blurry images.
Now, let’s put it into practice:
- Set your camera to manual mode.
- Start with a low ISO to ensure the highest image quality.
- Choose an aperture. For close-ups with a blurred background, try starting with an f-stop around f/2.8. For more of the dish in focus, go higher.
- Adjust the shutter speed. Ensure it’s fast enough to prevent blur if you’re hand-holding your camera (typically not slower than 1/60th of a second).
- Take a test shot and review it. Look at the exposure and sharpness. Adjust the ISO, aperture, or shutter speed accordingly.
Food photography often involves layering textures and colors, so consider how the depth of field can help emphasize these elements. Play with different settings to see how they affect the mood and story of your culinary creations. With practice, you’ll start to see how manual mode can elevate your food photography, making your home-cooked recipes look as tantalizing as they taste.
3. Shooting Recipes Like a Pro: Basic Editing Software
You don’t need expensive photo editing software to enhance your food photos. Free or low-cost options like Snapseed, VSCO or Lightroom offer tools for improving lighting, color and composition. Make minor adjustments to brightness, contrast and white balance. You can also sharpen details, crop images and apply subtle filters. Keep edits minimal for the most natural look.
With some practice, these 3 steps for shooting recipes like a pro can help you take appealing food photos for your blog using only minimal equipment you may already have access too. Keep things simple, let the food be the focus and have fun with it! Your mouthwatering images will enhance your recipes and make your food blog irresistible.